From Trevor Loudon:
April 6, 2012
As far leftists Barack Obama and Leon Panetta take an axe to the US military……..
From Defense News
The United States has underestimated the growth of China’s military as policymakers have taken public statements at face value or failed to understand Beijing’s thinking, a study said April 5.
The report prepared for the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission said the U.S. had a mixed record on predicting the rising power’s new weaponry, including largely missing the emergence of more advanced submarines.
As for the speed of military modernization, the study found “identifiable cases of miscalculation” with China developing anti-ship ballistic missiles and stealth fighter jets earlier than the U.S. expected.
U.S. analysis could have improved if more experts read Chinese or even looked at open publications such as academic technical journals, it said.
“U.S. observers should not take at face value statements from the Chinese government on military policy, as they could either be deceptive, or simply issued by agencies” such as the foreign ministry “that have no real say over military matters,” it said.
The staff report was prepared for the commission, which was set up by Congress in 2000 to assess security implications from China and does not represent the views of any U.S. government branch.
The study said that U.S. experts “may have failed to fully appreciate the extent to which the Chinese leadership views the United States as a fundamental threat to China’s security.”
It said that China’s views were “inflamed” by incidents including the 1999 bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade that the United States said was accidental and the U.S. show of naval force near Taiwan in 1996 after Beijing’s missile tests.
The study said that U.S. experts assumed in the late 1990s that China would never catch up militarily to the U.S. and would put a low priority on its defense industry compared with other parts of the economy.
“A decade on, it is now clear that much of the conventional wisdom about China dating from the turn of the century has proven to be dramatically wrong,” it said.
“To avoid being similarly caught off-guard in 2022, U.S. analysts should carefully re-examine many of their widely held assumptions about the Chinese government and its policy goals,” it said.
And why is anyone confident that the US has until 2022 to correct these mistakes?
New Reports Warn of Chinese Naval Buildup
Since 2000, the Department of Defense has been required to submit to Congress an annual report on the Chinese military. Like all major documents, the draft is subject to review and input from other government agencies and the White House. The result of these reviews has often been to delay and soften the message from the Pentagon about the increasing capabilities of the People’s Republic of China which are designed for use against American and allied forces.
The 2010 annual report was supposed to be published by March 1, but did not appear until August 16. There had been speculation that the White House wanted to hold the April Nuclear Security Summit and the May U.S.-China Security and Economic Dialogue before the report became public. President Barack Obama hoped to make diplomatic progress with Beijing before attention was drawn to China’s military buildup.
Such diplomatic window dressing fooled no one. The Washington Post headline on its story read, “Pentagon: China’s Military Power Growing.” And even the paper’s appeasement-oriented China expert John Pomfret opened his column with the warning, “China is quickly modernizing its military and has set its sights on extending its influence deep into the Pacific and Indian oceans now that the military balance with its longtime nemesis, Taiwan, is tilting in its favor, the Defense Department reported Monday.” The Wall Street Journal, which has long supported the right of corporations to help Beijing acquire the means to expand its capabilities, ran as its headline “The Chinese Military Challenge: The PLA is seeking to push U.S. forces out of Asian waters.”
The DoD report states, “The PLA Navy has the largest force of principal combatants, submarines, and amphibious warfare ships in Asia. China’s naval forces include some 75 principal combatants, more than 60 submarines, 55medium and large amphibious ships, and roughly 85 missile-equipped patrol craft.” A new naval base on Hainan Island is nearly complete, with underground facilities for submarines and advanced surface warships within easy strikingrange of South China Sea targets.
A priority is the construction of new nuclear powered and diesel-electric attack submarines armed with anti-ship cruise missiles. China is also developing an anti-ship ballistic missile with a range in excess of 1,000 miles, with a maneuverable warhead. It is designed to strike U.S. aircraft carriers before their fighters are within range of China. China has it own aircraft carrier development program. According to the report, “The PRC shipbuilding industry could start construction of an indigenous platform by the end of this year. China is interested in building multiple operational aircraft carriers with support ships in the next decade.”
Another useful document which has not gotten the same attention as the publicly released Pentagon report is the study “China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress” by Ronald O’Rourke of the Congressional Research Service. Though written for use on Capitol Hill, the study has become available on the internet. The CRS report notes Chinese objectives beyond an “anti-access” strategy meant to isolate Taiwan from outside help in a war to conquer the island. “Some observers believe that China’s military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, is increasingly oriented toward pursuing additional goals, such as asserting or defending China’s claims in maritime territorial disputes, protecting China’s sea lines of communications, displacing U.S. influence in the Pacific, and asserting China’s status as a major world power.”
A vessel reported to be the Ukrainian-made aircraft carrier “Varyag,” which China bought in the 1990s, is seen at a port in Dalian, Liaoning province in this April 17, 2011 file photo.
Color China Photo – In this photo taken on Aug. 6, 2011, a Chinese aircraft carrier, which had been under refurbishment, is docked at Dalian port in in northeast Liaoning province. China’s first aircraft carrier started sea trials Wednesday, Aug. 10, 2011, a step that will likely boost concerns about the country’s naval ambitions amid sea territorial disputes. (AP Photo/Color China Photo)
The aircraft carrier, which is about 300 meters (984 feet) long, plowed through fog and sounded its horn three times as it left the dock, Xinhua said on its military news microblog.
Xinhua said that “building a strong navy that is commensurate with China’s rising status is a necessary step and an inevitable choice for the country to safeguard its increasingly globalised national interests.”
Chinese citizens said the carrier launch showed their country deserved more respect from the rest of the world, despite problems it faces at home.
A high-speed train crash last month left many Chinese people bemoaning what they called officials’ reckless hunger for passing technological milestones.
“An aircraft carrier is the mark of major powers,” Pan Chunli, a 29-year-old IT technician in Beijing told Reuters.
“China has grown dramatically. The whole world should take a fresh look at China, viewing it as a rising power that it has the ability to defend its rights and territory.”
Retired Chinese navy Rear Admiral Yin Zhuo told state-run television that his country intended to build an air carrier group, but the task would be long and difficult.
“As for forming a carrier group, I think that will take at least ten years,” he told a Chinese television broadcast on the carrier launch.
PRESTIGE AND POWER
Last month, China confirmed that it was refitting the old, unfinished Soviet carrier hull bought from Ukraine’s government, and sources told Reuters it was also building two of its own carriers.
“China has had a longstanding fascination with the national prestige attached to aircraft carriers, and this first sea trial may be seen as a crucial step toward the goal of achieving great naval power status,” said Chengxin Pan, an expert on China at Deakin University in Australia.
***WHY would the Center for American Progress make trips to CHINA?*** READ
Why Are Andy Stern and Anna Burger of the SEIU Partisan To China’s ACFTU (Ties To Chinese Communist Party)?
***Doing the job the Liberal Bias Media doesn’t do***